Tire Tread

Tire Tread

Tire tread is of many different types and its ability to grip on the road, or the noise level that they have are also different. Now we will talk about the important things one needs to know about tire treads.

What is Tire Tread?

Tire Tread

Tread is that part of the tire that is in contact with the surface of the road. When we take a look at different tires present in the market we will notice a great deal of variety and diversity in their tread patterns.

Why are they so different? It is tread pattern is a unique design that enhances the capability of a vehicle with grip and handling for specific driving. Just like we see in a detective novel, we can identify a tire by how it leaves on the road.

When buying new tires, try avoiding mixing different types, sizes, or brands of tires on a single vehicle or side. Buy ones with a similar design to maintain optimal performance characteristics.

Another thing that must be kept in mind when replacing tires is that replacing a pair of tires is safer than replacing just a single tire. The newest tires should be fit on the rear axle, and partially worn tires to the front axle. Drivers are suggested to ensure that the replacement tire bought later must have the same tire tread pattern as the other tire on the same axle present. Mixing the patterns once will impart a bad design with the handling characteristics of the car and it could even be dangerous in the end.

Tire tread is an important development in the tire world. 

The tire tread is that part that meets the road or surface. There are several elements of tire tread including tread blocks or tread lugs, tread grooves, voids, wear bars, and any extra features such as rain grooves, etc. The areas present between the tread blocks are referred to as the tread voids or grooves. 

They permit the water to escape when roadways are wet and dirty. Tires with a higher tread to void ratio provide better-wet traction and braking ability.

Types of Tire Tread

  • Rib Shape

These treads have grooves running along with the tread which is called spikes. There is small resistance, stability, and reasonable steering control due to sizable horizontal traction while it being suitable for high-speed vehicles.

  1. Lug Shape

These treads have trenches that run across the surface and are commonly known as transverse spikes. They have good steering, strong braking ability, excellent grip, which is often used for truck and off-road vehicles particularly.

  1. Block Shape

They have many treads of blocks with many interlocking grooves that are ideal for driving on snowy and wet roads thanks to their stability, driving ability, and optimal drainage system.

Being smaller and closer to each other, they wear faster than the different types.


Most of the sporty and high-performance cars feature tires with this pattern. They involve different types of patterns to provide excellent performance and grip on wet and dry surfaces.

The middle region of the tires is designed to provide grip on wet and slippery surfaces. On the other hand, the outer part features large blocks, which help provide grip on dry surfaces.


These are difficult to locate, which is their disadvantage and can be very costly at the same time. As the name suggests, these offer the best asymmetrical tires and feature the arrow-shaped pattern of directional tires which is useful in minimizing aquaplaning. Moreover, they also provide the same level of dry grip as asymmetrical tires.

Why is Tire Tread Important?

The tread is something that most people don’t take seriously. There is a general idea that there are different tread patterns and depths, but they may not have a full understanding of the function of the tire tread.

 When we understand the importance of tread and their different patterns, it will help people drive safely and comfortably.

When we drive on tires then the tread starts to wear away. Tread depth should not get below the recommended minimum level, otherwise, we won’t be able to maintain effective road contact and handle well. 

Once the tread depth gets below the critical level there might be driving with no tread. We begin to notice that our car does not stop properly when brakes are applied especially when the road is wet.

Monitoring the depth of tires is as vital as having the correct tread pattern for particular road conditions. If we are not sure about the right tread pattern then we must stop by for an inspection.

Final Words

One thing buyers do not give much thought about a tire. Tires must be among the first things on our minds when purchasing a car. While tires are overlooked many times, they are the most important component of our vehicles. After all, tires are what allow you and your vehicle to roll down the road. The article has shown essential things you need to know about tire tread.

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